ERIC Number: ED203558
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jan
Creativity as Original Problem-Solving in Gifted and Nongifted Lower- and Middle-Class Children.
Milgram, Roberta M.
Creativity was examined in 142 middle and lower class children across a wide age range (7 to 13 years) and intellectual ability (low average to gifted). The instruments were lenient (16 items) and stringent (4 items) solution standard measures of original problem solving, and two subtests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. Scores for quantity (popular responses) and for quality (unusual responses) were computed for lenient and stringent measures. Three sets of findings that obtained in all ages, intelligence level, and socioeconomic status groups provided support for the construct validity of the J. Guilford-M. Mednick conceptualization of original thinking. Differences were found as a function of social class but not intelligence. Middle class children generated more quality responses on stringent tasks, and the relationship of quality to quantity was stronger. Stringent tasks were considered better predictors of real world creative behaviors than lenient ones. (Author/CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Tel-Aviv Univ. (Israel).; Virginia Polytechnic Inst., Blacksburg.