ERIC Number: ED203460
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Nov-26
Reference Count: N/A
Three Perspectives on Innovation--the Technological, the Political, and the Cultural. Draft.
House, Ernest R.
Awareness of the three analytical perspectives on educational innovation leads to better understanding of educational change processes and better innovation strategies and policies. The three perspectives--technological, political, and cultural--are "screens" of facts, values, and presuppositions through which analysts view innovation. From the technological perspective innovation is conceived of as a mechanistic process based on rational analysis and empirical research. From the political perspective innovation is seen as a set of conflicts and compromises among groups or factions. From the cultural perspective innovation is viewed as interaction among cultures or subcultures, and events are explained in terms of cultural relativism, evolution, or multiculturalism. Analyses based on these three perspectives differ sharply in their fundamental assumptions about change, in their underlying images of change processes, in their values and ethics, and hence in their focal points for study. The technological perspective focuses on the innovation itself, while the political focuses on the innovation in its power context and the cultural focuses on all aspects of the context. The three perspectives can be combined, however, to explain events (such as resistance to modernization) for which a single perspective is inadequate, permitting formation of more conprehensive and effective innovation policies. (RW)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.