ERIC Number: ED203445
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: N/A
Reflections on the Concept and Practice of Educational Planning and Reforms.
Starting from the debate over the utility, or possibility, of educational planning, the author covers its theory and practice, concepts of educational reform, and philosophies of education. He first summarizes various critics' arguments against educational planning and then, using evidence from 95 nations' educational plans and 12 UNESCO regional conferences, answers their charges that educational planning is conservative, hierarchical, bureaucratic, preoccupied with economic development, neglectful of implementation, or based on questionable assumptions. His review of educational plans leads to the identification of common educational goals, including democratization and human resources development, and of new educational tasks, such as broadening education's scope and enlarging participation in planning. He discusses the relationship of educational reform to educational philosophies, planning, and problems, and suggests several guidelines for reformers. He notes the importance of teachers' unions and of long-range planning and concludes with a critique of a Club of Rome report on educational change. (RW)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational Science, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Div. of Educational Policy and Planning.