ERIC Number: ED203253
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
An Epidemiological Approach to Staff Burnout.
This paper describes a conceptual model of staff burnout in terms of independent, intervening and dependent variables. Staff burnout is defined, symptoms are presented, and the epidemiological approach to burnout is descussed. Components of the proposed model, which groups determinants of mental health into three domains, consist of: (1) determined and changeable predisposing risk factors; (2) developmental and situational precipitating risk factors; and (3) intervening variables of skills and support, manifested as degrees of vulnerability or of strength. The model suggests that the combination of risk factors, mediated by skills and support systems, determines mental health and modes of coping. Suggestions and examples for prevention and intervention strategies are given and both direct and indirect costs of burnout are discussed; a diagram of the model is also provided. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - General; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).