ERIC Number: ED203225
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Gender, the Bem Scale, and Sexually Biased Pronouns.
Spencer, N. J.
The generic use of masculine terms may be viewed as a grammatical device that carries the non-specific meaning of gender without confusion with the specific meaning, or as a practice in which the masculine terms retain their gender-specific meaning in neutral contexts and bias the perceiver toward the interpretations of male references. In three studies examining the extent of sex bias caused by generically used masculine pronouns, 138 females and 72 males were asked to provide names to antecedents in gender neutral sentences containing masculine pronouns. Male and female college students (N=30 each) responded to the same sentences containing neutral pronoun forms. The Bem Scale, given to 57 respondents, showed no relationship between adherence to traditional sex roles and male bias in interpretation. Results indicated that masculine pronouns create bias, but that the perceivers' attitudes also influence interpretation. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bem Sex Role Inventory