ERIC Number: ED203060
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-May
Reference Count: N/A
Assessments of Job Corps Performance and Impacts. Volume I. Program Evaluations. Youth Knowledge Development Report 3.2.
Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Youth Programs.
This volume (and volume 2 of this report) are products of the knowledge development effort implemented under the mandate of the Youth Employment and Demonstration Projects Act of 1977 (YEDPA). This report on assessment of the Job Corps presents a large array of studies ranging from rigorous impact and benefit-cost evaluations to survey of nutrition in centers. It is intended to be a compendium of most of what has been learned about the Job Corps in the 1970s, particularly since the youth initiatives were launched in 1977. The key elements in this report are the six-month follow-up study of Job Corps enrollees and a benefit-cost analysis based on these findings. There are several major findings of the study: (1) Job Corps apparently produces benefits to society in terms of increased earnings of participants, lowered transfer payments, and reduced crime, which exceed its costs; (2) older youth stay longer and tend to make significant employment and earnings gains while younger participants benefit from socialization and gain maturity; (3) the self-paced individualized approach of Job Corps seems to work in education and vocational training; and (4) it may take as long as five years of operation for centers to stabilize and participant benefits to be seen. (KC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Cost Effectiveness, Demonstration Programs, Disadvantaged Youth, Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Programs, Federal Programs, Job Placement, Outcomes of Education, Participant Characteristics, Program Descriptions, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Research, Research Methodology, Research Utilization, Surveys, Training Methods, Vocational Education, Youth, Youth Employment
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Youth Programs.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Youth Employment and Demonstration Projects Act