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ERIC Number: ED202908
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Improving the Effectiveness of Advance Organizers by Providing Instructions on Their Use During Study.
Noel, Kent L.; And Others
The effects of instructions for using advance organizers upon the learning and retention of new information were examined. The special instructions explained an organizer's function and directed students to use the advance organizer. An advance organizer treatment, an advance organizer with special instruction treatment, and a no advance organizer treatment were randomly assigned to 71 high school seniors. Immediate and delayed tests were administered and the scores were analyzed using a repeated measures design. While there were no significant differences among any of the groups on the results of the immediate test, females receiving the advance organizers with special instruction treatment performed significantly better on the delayed test than either females receiving the no advance organizer treatment or males receiving any of the three treatments. It was also inferred that females possessed more extensive schemata relative to the content of the new learning than males. It was concluded that instructions for using an advance organizer facilitate the organizer's effectiveness provided that the organizer reflects a schemata of the target group. (Author/GK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A