ERIC Number: ED202849
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Feb
Conflicts Between the Victorian Pedestal and the Tomboy.
The Victorian concept that women would sacrifice their femininity by participating in vigorous sports has to some extent been ameliorated, but vestiges of the bias remain today. This attitude was not based on hostility toward women but on overprotectiveness and concern for imagined dangers for the health of women, whose prime function in society was deemed to be childbearing. As women ventured into sedate physical activities and gentle games, attitudes changed gradually, but grave disapproval accompanied every new attempt to broaden their sports horizon. Women's colleges were instrumental in developing wider sport programs for their students by promoting intercollegiate competitions for women. However, as late as the 1960s, there was opposition to women competing in the Olympic Games on the grounds that women's competition was insignificant at best and indecent and unfeminine at worst. Discrimination was evident in the 1970s when Title IX brought legal equality into the collegiate sport scene, and directors of men's programs were forced to think about sharing facilities, money, and even status with women. (JD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (Orlando, FL, February 21, 1981).