ERIC Number: ED202623
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar-27
A Synthesis of Issues Related to the Implementation of Bilingual Education Programs.
To increase the possibility for successful programs and to determine the validity of the concept of bilingual education for limited English-speaking children, this discussion centers on issues which militate against full-scale implementation of bilingual education programs in some school districts. The narrative defines innovation as an "entity which is viewed as new or different" and implementation as "the process of placing the innovation into practice"; it suggests that the issues surrounding the implementation of innovative bilingual educational programs vary in nature and reflect educational decisions which have been made at the federal, state, and local levels. The synthesis describes the following issues as having slowed down and impeded the implementation process: lack of clear goals of bilingual education; lack of opportunity for bilingual education programs to develop along accepted stages in the innovative process; resistance caused by the attributes of bilingual education (complexity, compatibility, communicability); the impact of competing innovations; the impact of policy on bilingual education; unrealistic expectations of bilingual education; inadequacy of evaluation designs; lack of resources; and context variables of bilingual education. The discussion calls for increased recognition of these issues and application of more educational change technology and knowledge. (JD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at a Symposium, "Exploring Issues and Strategies in the Implementation of Bilingual Education Programs" (Austin, TX, March 27-28, 1980).