ERIC Number: ED202606
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Development of Sex Biases in Children: Forty Years Later.
Etaugh, Claire; And Others
This study replicates a previous study in order to reexamine the development of sex biases in middle childhood and adolescence. Four hundred public school students in grades 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 (200 of each sex) assigned desirable and undesirable traits to girls and boys. Twenty-nine traits (15 desirable and 14 undesirable) were selected from the 33 traits used by Smith in 1939. Half the subjects had an additional neutral option of assigning traits to "both sexes." Children in all grades assigned more desirable traits to their own sex and more undesirable traits to the opposite sex, in line with Smith's findings. Both sexes became less positive toward the opposite sex with increasing age. This pattern also had characterized girls in Smith's study, whereas boys had shown the opposite pattern. Beginning in the sixth grade, girls were more apt than boys to assign desirable traits to their own sex. Availability of the "both sexes" option decreased stereotyping, especially in girls. (Author/CM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Boston, MA, April 2-5, 1981).