ERIC Number: ED202507
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Predicting Successful and Unsuccessful Developmental Mathematics Students in Community Colleges.
Frerichs, Allen H.; Eldersveld, Paul J.
A study involving 513 developmental math students at eight Illinois community colleges was conducted to determine the correlation between student success or failure in developmental math courses and nine independent variables: (1) instructional method, i.e. "traditional," in which the instructor sets the pace for learning, and "nontraditional," in which students set the pace for learning; (2) cognitive style; (3) numerical skills; (4) age; (5) sex; (6) students' assessment of their math knowledge; (7) student attitudes toward math; (8) students' assessment of their math ability; and (9) their reasons for taking developmental courses. During the study, students were divided into traditional and nontraditional groups and were administered two tests: the Group Embedded Figures Test to identify cognitive style and Form H of the Career Planning Program to assess numerical skills. Data for the remaining independent variables were gathered in a student survey. Stepwide multiple discriminant analysis was used to determine those variables which discriminated between passing and failing students at a .10 level of significance. Study results identified five significant variables indicating that the successful student was more likely to have higher numerical skills, be in a traditionally taught course, be older, have higher perceptions of his/her math abilities, and have more positive attitudes toward math. A literature review is included. (JP)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Failure, Age, Cognitive Style, Community Colleges, Conventional Instruction, Correlation, Females, Individualized Instruction, Knowledge Level, Literature Reviews, Males, Predictor Variables, Remedial Mathematics, Student Attitudes, Student Educational Objectives, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).