ERIC Number: ED202422
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
The Need for Social Change Relative to Professional Women's Perceptions of Their Role-Loads, Feelings of Being Overworked and Marital and Parental Status.
Yogev, Sara; Vierra, Andrea
The perceptions of a group of university faculty women about their work loads were studied. Respondents were asked about their responsibilities at home, about the time they spend on their professions, their households, and their families. They were also asked to judge whether and to what extent they feel overworked and about their attitudes toward different aspects of a working woman's life (e.g., can she be a good wife, a good mother, and feminine?). Respondents were 151 women on the faculty of a large midwestern university in 1977-78. Participants were divided into four groups according to their marital and motherhood status. Although all subjects reported working many hours (mean response was 51.7 hours per week), they did not report feeling particularly overworked. Those who had children and reported working (career and home responsibilities) over 100 hours per week felt no more overloaded than did the childless ones who reported working about 72 hours a week. All the subjects strongly agreed that women can be feminine and professionally successful and that professional women can have happy marriages. It is suggested that the findings indicating that mothers do their share of the child care and need less help with child care might explain why they have such a positive opinion and feel that they are as good mothers as nonworking mothers. All subjects disagreed with the statement saying that being overworked is inevitable for a working woman who has a family. However, the mothers disagreed more strongly than did the married and childless. All subjects felt that their careers are as integral a part of their "subjective reality" as are their children/husbands. The concepts of a "secondary socialization" and multiple reference groups are considered in order to possibly explain the findings. Although the data are subjective, they suggest the possibility that professional women who choose to have families carry a heavy burden, even though they do not admit it. A bibliography is included. (SW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented to the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).