ERIC Number: ED202369
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Testing in Affirmative Action.
Manning, Winton H.
Perspectives on testing and affirmative action are considered. The following issue areas are addressed: the validity and fairness of admission tests; information relevant to the admission of students that is not readily scored or quantified and that may be obtained through interviews, recommendations, accomplishments, and other information sources; following a strategy to ensure diversity in the student body; and the need for incorporating the concept of educational due process in admissions. It is suggested that the predictions based on tests and grades are not biased against minority groups and that the real barriers to affirmative action are not tests but complacency and lack of courage of many leaders in education. It is further suggested that it is critically important to strengthen the nonquantitative admissions data, and to move to a broadened view of talent, and more defensible procedures in selecting students who have the personal qualities and characteristics that fit the educational objectives and responsibilities of higher education institutions. It is proposed that efforts to achieve diversity in the student body might provide a wide diversity within different environments for learning and might nurture a broad range of personal and societal objectives. Educational due process requires that institutions adhere to good admissions practices, including the following: clear admissions policies that are described in relation to the goals of the institution, public disclosure of admissions criteria, use of the same admissions process for all applicants considered for the same program; and policies allowing exceptions to admissions criteria for particular classes of applicants, are publicly articulated with attention to the legal implications. (SW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.
Authoring Institution: State Higher Education Executive Officers Association.; Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO. Inservice Education Program.