ERIC Number: ED202342
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-May
Reference Count: N/A
External Interest Group Impingements.
Millard, Richard M.
The history of the interrelation among state approval, accreditation, and institutional eligibility is considered. It is suggested that faculty and college administrators can be either an internal or external group in relationship to the planning process. The federal government, or the state government, passes legislation that may have both indirect and unintended impacts on postsecondary education and state planning for education. The Vocational Education Act, the Buckley Amendment, and the Erwin Act are cited as examples. When federal funds became available to students or to institutions, the federal government used the accreditation process as a criteria for establishing eligibility for receipt of federal funds. The opening of federal programs to proprietary institutions and their students not only tremendously increased the numbers of institutions but also the possibilities for below standard and fraudulent operations. Around 1970, there were a number of states that did not have legislation or regulations that applied to degree-granting, nonprofit institutions or to proprietary institutions. The Education Commission of the States developed model state legislation for authorization of institutions to operate and grant degrees. The default rate for the guaranteed loan programs, the growth of the consumer movement, and the issue of educational malpractice are other areas of concern. It is suggested that major concerns are the states' role in licensing, chartering, and regulating, and the need for private accrediting groups and state agencies to work together. (SW)
Descriptors: Accreditation (Institutions), Consumer Protection, Educational Malpractice, Eligibility, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Federal Regulation, Government School Relationship, Higher Education, Loan Repayment, Standards, State Government, State Legislation, State Licensing Boards, Student Financial Aid
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.
Authoring Institution: State Higher Education Executive Officers Association.; Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO. Inservice Education Program.