ERIC Number: ED202139
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Aug
The Impact of the Centralization of Educational Funding and Control on State and Local Organizational Governance.
Meyer, John W.
American education is distinctive in the decentralization of its funding and control. Despite recent expansion, the role of the federal government is still restricted to funding and authority in special programs and situations, while both states and localities have authority to define educational purposes, programs, and policies. At all levels of the administrative organization, administrators must consider relationships with groups outside the educational hierarchy, such as parent, community, and legislative bodies. Centralization of authority and funding at the federal level would theoretically reduce the power of these outside groups and increase the importance of relationships within the vertical hierarchy, while simplifying and ritualizing administrative functions. If funding alone or authority alone were centralized, it would appear that many of the same results would occur. The American case is one of fragmented centralization, featuring unrelated federal funding programs processed through several independent channels. The situation seems to lead to a massive middle-level educational bureaucracy, poorly linked with the classroom world below, little integrated around broad educational policies or purposes, organized for the function of reporting to a wide, fragmented funding and control environment, and less and less able to respond to the legitimate authority of local systems. (Author/PGD)
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Centralization, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Federal Aid, Federal Programs, Federal Regulation, Federal State Relationship, Government School Relationship, Organizational Change, Organizational Effectiveness, Organizational Theories, Power Structure, Public Policy
Publications, Institute for Research on Educational Finance and Governance, School of Education/CERAS Bldg., Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 ($1.00).
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Inst. for Research on Educational Finance and Governance.
Note: Paper presented at the HEW School Finance Study Meeting on Resource Allocation, Service Delivery, and School Effectiveness (September 1979).