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ERIC Number: ED202137
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Pages: 49
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Cross-National Comparison of Student-to-Teacher Ratios: An Example in Convergence Theory.
Inkeles, Alex; Sirowy, Larry
Convergence theory, which explains changes in social systems, predicts that student-teacher ratios will become more similar worldwide under the impact of economic accumulation, technological utilization, industrialization, location and growth of the student-age population, enrollment expansion, and changes in each society's relationship to the individual. To test this proposition, student-teacher ratios at the primary, secondary, and tertiary (postsecondary) levels were computed for 1950, 1965, and 1974/75 for 34 low-income countries, 59 middle-income countries, 18 industrialized countries, and 11 centrally-planned countries. The differences in country income levels approximate the differences in economic development being tested. Further historical testing used data on student-teacher ratios in 24 European countries from 1860 to 1960. Results for primary education show strong convergence toward lower student-teacher ratios through time and across economic levels. Ratios for secondary and postsecondary education show less evidence of convergence, although both industrialized and centrally-planned countries do converge toward lower ratios at the secondary level. Appendices list the student-teacher ratios for the 122 developed and developing countries and the 24 European countries. (RW)
Publications, Institute for Research on Educational Finance and Governance, School of Education/CERAS Bldg., Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 ($1.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Inst. for Research on Educational Finance and Governance.