ERIC Number: ED202049
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: N/A
Socio-Economic and Communication Indicators in Development Planning: A Case Study of Iran. Communication and Society 5.
Examination of the social development of Iran reveals that quantitative leaps in the growth of traditional communication indicators, such as the mass media, did not necessarily mean growth in the social communication system as a whole. The intrinsic communication needs of modern Iranians for identity, legitimacy, and community have remained unfulfilled by the mode of development Iran has experienced in the last 25 years. Prior to the revolution of 1979, the population tended toward religious and egalitarian attitudes combined with nationalistic preferences, while the government ideological positions were relatively unpopular. Many of the development objectives put forth by the government became Iran's most important social problems, to the degree that the country's rate of growth had declined to a virtual standstill in 1978. Iran's communication system at the time consisted of the traditional media, both religious and secular, the theatre, the press, publishers, broadcasting, advertising, and the film industry. The evolving Islamic policy toward mass communication will restrict it to propagation of Islamic views and culture. A period of uneven and rapid growth in the economy and the accumulation of communications capital and infrastructure may lead to social and political disintegration or revolution. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Identifiers - Location: Iran