ERIC Number: ED202019
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Semantic and Lexical Coherence.
Helping students understand coherence in terms of the lexical ties and semantic relations possible between clauses and sentences formalizes an area of writing instruction that has been somewhat vague before and makes the process of creating a coherent paragraph less mysterious. Many students do not have the intuitive knowledge base for absorbing the relations possible between sentences, nor can the readings of one composition course supply them with such knowledge. They need the support of conscious rules. With several systems available for classifying semantic relations between clauses, the composition teacher should find one offering as clear and complete an explanation of connections as possible. A symmetrical arrangement of paired connections between sentences provides a rationale whereby students realize how sentences can follow one another and why some transition words are virtually necessary for coherence. One such system delineates both positive relations and negative or reversed relations between sentences. The negative relations are processed more slowly, suggesting their usefulness in signaling or helping readers across an unexpected or difficult "synapse" between clauses. (Seven classifications of positive transitions and seven classifications of reversed transitions are discussed, with examples of their use provided.) (RL)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (32nd, Dallas, TX, March 26-28, 1981).