ERIC Number: ED201902
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Aug
Extending the Study of Implicit Theories and Their Impact on Questionnaire Responses.
Randolph, W. Alan; DeNisi, Angelo S.
Past research has suggested that reliance upon implicit theories may depend upon the ambiguity or salience of provided cues. Previously unexplored factors were investigated to further an understanding of implicit theories related to group processes, by: (1) utilizing a no feedback control group in addition to high and low feedback groups; (2) measuring actual and questionnaire effects for a second task subsequent to feedback; and (3) utilizing group interaction ratings by both independent observers and subjects. Results from a laboratory experiment involving 143 subjects in 2 tasks, with feedback after the first task, supported the concept of implicit theories of performance and their effect on survey responses; however, the process by which the theories operated appeared to be much more complex than past research had suggested. Implicit theories of performance seemed to operate only under certain conditions and for limited periods of time, i.e., when performance cues were strong and little additional information was available, their effects on subsequent task behavior and related surveys were minimal. Immediately after feedback, observer ratings of interaction and feedback condition shared the explained variance for subject ratings of interaction. Following another task, observer ratings were better predictors of subject ratings. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980). Some tables are of marginal reproducability.