ERIC Number: ED201830
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
The Impact of Motherhood on the Career Pattern of Working Women: Differences in the Life Histories and Career Status of Employed Mothers and Working Women without Children.
Owings, Jeffrey A.; And Others
A study compared employed mothers with working women who do not have children along dimensions reflective of their life histories and labor market experiences. It utilized data from two nationwide longitudinal surveys--the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Women aged 14 to 24 and the National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972. Cross-tabulations between selected, theoretically relevant variables were performed, and various measures of association were obtained. This series of analyses focused on differences in socioeconomic background, educational attainment and goals, occupational status and aspirations, and personal attitudes of employed mothers and employed women without children. A regression analysis was undertaken to determine which variables would be predictors of the dichotomous variable indicating whether a woman is a mother, when their overlapping effects are controlled. Statistical analyses did not contradict the suggestions of theorists in vocational development that employed mothers have many obstacles to surmount as their careers develop. They were more likely to come from lower socioeconomic levels, have completed fewer years of education, and to be available to work only part-time. (Twenty-three tables are appended.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 8, 1980).