ERIC Number: ED201740
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Dec
Reference Count: 0
An Evaluation of Mobility-Based Occupational Classifications for Placement of Job Applicants.
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Joffe, Richard D.
The experimental development of occupational classifications based on regularities of movement of workers among jobs has recently been suggested to assist in placing job seekers into available jobs by A. R. Miller and others in "The Dictionary of Occupational Titles: A Critical Review," 1980. The potential of mobility-based classifications is discussed, and is contrasted with traditional industrial and counseling approaches to worker-job matching. The social and psychological meaning of one such classification is explored by describing the classification's categories in terms of the demographic characteristics of category incumbents (based on data from the 1970 census) and job content (based on "Dictionary of Occupational Titles" and "Position Analysis Questionnaire" data). Results imply that (1) mobility-based classifications provide powerful descriptions of the structure of labor markets; (2) they are related to job content; (3) they are also related to sex and race--apparently well beyond the extent to which this association is shared with job characteristics. Results are interpreted as impying that basing a classification for personnel placement on occupational mobility patterns may incorporate undesirable aspects of existing labor market practices, and that more direct efforts aimed at systematizing knowledge about the transferability of skills wil probably be more productive than relying on mobility-based classifications despite the heuristic value of the mobility approach. (Author)
Descriptors: Adults, Classification, Demography, Employment Opportunities, Employment Practices, Evaluation, Job Analysis, Job Placement, Labor Market, Literature Reviews, Occupational Clusters, Occupational Information, Occupational Mobility, Occupations, Population Trends, Race, Sex, Social Mobility, Transfer of Training, Vocational Adjustment
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for Social Organization of Schools.