ERIC Number: ED201641
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
An Exploration of Speaking Proficiency Measures in the TOEFL Context. Report 4.
Clark, John L. D.; Swinton, Spencer S.
A three-year study aimed at measuring the English speaking proficiency of Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) candidates on a direct basis is described. A variety of "semi-direct" testing formats (involving test stimuli delivered by tape recording and accompanying booklet, with examinee speech tape recorded for evaluation) were developed as part of the study. These were administered to undergraduate and graduate level non-native English speaking students on a small-scale clinical basis and, following revisions, to a fairly large (N=155) examinee group. A Foreign Service Institute (FSI)-type interview was also administered to all study participants as an external criterion measure of speaking proficiency. Correlational and scalar analyses were used to identify subsets of item formats and individual items having satisfactory correlations with the FSI criterion interview and also meeting relevant linguistic and administrative requirements. These were grouped into a prototype "Test of Spoken English" (TSE) that was found to increase predictability of total FSI variance by approximately 8% when added to score data provided by the regular (paper-and-pencil) TOEFL. (Author/RL)
Descriptors: Audiotape Recordings, Communicative Competence (Languages), Correlation, English (Second Language), Higher Education, Item Analysis, Language Proficiency, Language Tests, Scoring, Speech Tests, Test Construction
Educational Testing Service, Publications Order Service Section, Princeton, NJ 08541 ($2.00 per copy).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English as a Foreign Language