ERIC Number: ED201463
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Nov-9
What Is Rural Education? In the Past 50 Years.
Since 1930, changes in definitions of "rural" population trends, teacher preparation, educational philosophy, school organization, and curriculum and federal funding have influenced the educational opportunities provided by rural schools. Dedicated leaders in groups such as the National Education Association's Department of Rural Education, the 1939 Educational Policies Commission, the United States Office of Education, the Julius Rosenwald Fund, the Ford Foundation, and the American Association of School Administrators have attempted to improve rural education by identifying specific problems and seeking solutions. Teacher preparation has been improved as high school normal training programs for rural elementary teachers have been eliminated, substandard certification requirements have been upgraded, and inservice programs have been instituted. The progressive philosophy of education popular in the 1930's and 1940's was replaced in the 1950's and 1960's by the community school philosophy, still popular today. School organization has changed dramatically as districts too weak to provide adequate educational programs for a changing rural population have been consolidated at the local or administrative level. The Elementary Secondary Education Act of 1965 has made more federal funds available to rural schools. Rural school improvement efforts should consider rural values, rural-urban differences, the community school concept, and improved instruction methods. (SB)
Descriptors: Community Schools, Curriculum, Demography, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Opportunities, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Government School Relationship, Leaders, Quality of Life, Rural Education, Rural Schools, Rural Urban Differences, School Organization, Teacher Certification, Teacher Education
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Kansas State University Rural and Small School Conference (2nd, Manhattan, KS, November 9-11, 1980).