ERIC Number: ED201404
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Intervening in Child's Play.
Yawkey, Thomas Daniels; Trostle, Susan Louise
This paper explores strategies by which adults can intervene in children's play activities. The five intervention strategies discussed focus on (1) time and space, (2) adult guidance, (3) play materials, (4) boundaries, and (5) roles. The first strategy involves providing time and space in daily schedules and environments for children to play. The second strategy requires teachers and parents to sensitively offer oral prompts and direct involvement cues as children play. The third strategy calls for the provision of a variety of play materials. In the fourth strategy parents and teachers use demonstration and practice to show children how to enter and leave play situations. The fifth strategy requires adults to allow children to decide upon their own play themes and define and assign their own roles; however, it permits adults, at times, to suggest play themes for specific instructional purposes and rotate children in roles to assure that all have the opportunity to participate. It is suggested that the combination of the five intervention strategies with Parten's model of the development of play behavior (from onlooker to solitary, parallel, associative and cooperative stages) provides a complete intervention model for use with young children at play. Examples that illustrate the employment of intervention strategies at each of Parten's stages are provided. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Margaret M. Patton Foundation, Kittanning, PA.; Economy Co., Oklahoma City, OK.; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Coll. of Education.
Authoring Institution: N/A