ERIC Number: ED201262
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-May
Instructional Television: Higher Education Without Commercial Interruption. AAHE-ERIC/Higher Education Research Currents, May 1981.
Shulman, Carol Herrnstadt
The history of instructional television, the development of the telecourse concept, current uses of instructional television, economic factors, and cooperative arrangements are considered. After the initial approach of presenting a professor lecturing as if before a class, producers of instructional television began to dramatize the subject, adopt a documentary format, and eventually, develop the telecourse concept. Telecourses combine often-sophisticated television programs with related printed materials. Telecourses are either produced for instruction or produced originally for a general audience but have suitable content and quality for instructional purposes. Currently, colleges and universities make extensive use of on-campus, closed-circuit television systems for instruction; however, few direct substantial effort to broadcasting instructional television to off-campus audiences. Some barriers to greater use of instructional television by four-year institutions are identified. The following developments in video technology are covered: satellite transmission systems, cable television systems, narrowcast technology, instructional television fixed service, and videocassettes and videodiscs. It is suggested that 70 percent of the costs of instructional television are associated with acquiring and modifying the instructional materials and providing programs, while 30 percent of the total costs are for institutional support services. Consortia are a means to produce high-quality programs or to arrange for more efficient use of available telecourses. A bibliography and a list of organizations involved in developing the field of instructional television or providing information on it are included. (SW)
Descriptors: Closed Circuit Television, College Instruction, College Programs, Communications Satellites, Consortia, Economic Factors, Educational Television, Graduate Study, Higher Education, Program Costs, Teaching Methods, Telecommunications, Telecourses, Undergraduate Study, Videotape Cassettes
American Association for Higher Education, One Dupont Circle, Suite 780, Washington, DC 20036 ($.75).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.; American Association for Higher Education, Washington, DC.