ERIC Number: ED201176
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
On the Indirect Object in English.
DeArmond, Richard C.
The aim of this paper is to determine whether the first predicate noun (NP) after the verb in sentences such as "Kelly gave Rose a piano" is the direct object or the indirect object in the surface structure of English. An analysis reveals that the direct object in English is not marked by its position immediately after a (transitive) verb, but by its position after the indirect object of dative verbs and immediately after all other verbs. The indirect object is the first NP after dative verbs. In a hypothetical sentence such as "John sold Kij a car,""Kij" is interpreted as someone, since "sell" requires an indirect object argument that can only be human. Without the node at "kij," it would be impossible to determine that "a car" is the direct object based on lexical and syntactic information. (Author/JB)
Descriptors: Case (Grammar), Descriptive Linguistics, English, Structural Analysis (Linguistics), Surface Structure
Linguistic Research Inc., P. O. Box 5677 Station L, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6C 4G1 ($10.00 for entire proceedings).
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A