ERIC Number: ED201087
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Outerdirectedness as a Problem Solving Strategy in EMR and Normal Children. Final Report.
O'Carroll, Marianne; Turnure, James
Two studies were conducted to determine whether outerdirectedness was an effective problem solving style for educable mentally retarded (EMR) students. In Study I, 60 EMR and 60 normal elementary Ss were presented easy or difficult tasks in one of three instructional conditions--relevant, irrelevant, or control. Glancing was measured to record whether Ss glanced at the task, the experimenter, or the room. Results tended to confirm the general theory of outerdirectedness. EMR Ss demonstrated similar amounts of glancing as the normal Ss for the irrelevant cue and control conditions. However, their total amount of glancing for the relevant cue condition was less than half as much as normal Ss'. In Study II, 35 mainstreamed ERR Ss were paired with normal peer models and completed a worksheet under one of the three instructional conditions--explicit, general, or control. Contrary to prediction, little glancing was manifested and there was no evidence that Ss were outerdirected or distractible. It was suggested that EMR Ss did not glance at information that was relevant and useful because of socialization, their need to appear self sufficient, and/or the dynamics of their general deficit. (CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis.