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ERIC Number: ED200959
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
The Effects of Positive and Negative Comments on Children's Creative Writing.
Bonds, Lella; Bonds, Charles
To determine whether negative or positive criticisms written on children's creative writing would affect the mean number of words and sentences produced, a study was conducted with 31 fourth grade children. The children were divided into two groups: those whose creative writing would receive negative comments and those whose writing would receive positive comments, regardless of the quality of writing. Some of the assignments were topics chosen by the teacher, while some were chosen by the individual students. In the first of eight 20-minute writing sessions, 24 of the subjects indicated that they liked creative writing, one indicated that he did not like it, and six indicated that they sometimes liked writing. These feelings remained essentially the same throughout the sessions. There were no statistically significant differences found in the number of words and sentences produced by the subjects, but the comments affected the subjects' self-esteem and feelings about writing. Those receiving negative comments, even after really attempting to improve their work, exhibited lower self-esteem, lack of pride in their work, and very tense body language, while those receiving positive comments were relaxed, smiling, and confident. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A