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ERIC Number: ED200933
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Dec
Pages: 33
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Text Condensation, Field Independence, and Sex on Comprehension of Prose Material.
Wilcox, Wayne C.; And Others
A study investigated the effects of text condensation, field independence, and sex on students' comprehension of and attitudes toward instructional prose materials. Fifty-eight high school juniors and seniors were divided into three groups on the basis of sex and their scores on a field independence measure. Students in the original treatment were given an original version of a chapter from a standard psychology textbook, which contained a summary. Students in the abridged treatment were given an abridged version of the same chapter, and students in the control group were given a posttest without receiving any instruction and were then given the abridged chapter to read. The results showed that condensing the chapter improved the short-term recall of information incidental to the summary ideas. Condensation also improved learning efficiency (the test score divided by time spent). A delayed posttest administered two weeks after the experiment and the results of an affective questionnaire showed no treatment differences in student attitudes toward the reading material. Field independent students were moderately more successful than field dependent students in answering application level questions, and males answered incidental questions better and spent more time studying the reading materials than did females. (Author/FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A