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ERIC Number: ED200896
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Bibliotherapy: An Historical Overview.
Salup, Bernice J.; Salup, Alane
The concept of bibliotherapy is not a new one. Aristotle believed that literature had healing effects and the ancient Romans also recognized that there was some relationship between medicine and reading. Most of the better mental hospitals in Europe had established libraries by the eighteenth century--in the United States by the middle of the nineteenth century. By the early nineteenth century, many physicians had begun to recommend books for the emotional difficulties of the mentally ill. Important people such as Drs. William and Karl Menninger furthered the use of bibliotherapy by encouraging the growth of the library at Menninger Clinic. In the field of education, teachers began to utilize bibliotherapy in the 1940s. Today, school media specialists, counselors, librarians, or teachers may incorporate bibliotherapy into their programs. During the 1950s, group reading was added to the treatment of alcoholism. Work in bibliotherapy progressed through the 1960s in such areas as drug addiction, fear, attitudinal changes, moral maturity, death and all exceptionalities. It also advanced in both educational and psychological areas. In the 1970s one of the first classes on the theory of bibliotherapy was taught. If bibliotherapists of the future will practice the profession of librarianship, make careful and detailed studies of their readers, and make use of their imagination and sense of humor, bibliotherapy will continue to prosper. (HOD)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A