ERIC Number: ED200887
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Substitutes for Leadership: An Empirical Study.
Howell, Jon P.; Dorfman, Peter W.
The leadership substitutes hypothesis has been used to explain the occasional successes and frequent failures of leadership predictions. Three hypotheses were formulated to test the viability of the leadership substitutes concepts. Questionnaires were administered to hospital managers (N=63) and engineers (N=71). Instrumental and supportive leader behaviors were defined by scales developed specifically for hypothesis-testing with the Path-Goal Theory. Potential substitutes for leadership were measured by scales developed by Kerr and Germier. The two subordinate criterion measures consisted of organizational commitment based on data from the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire, and general job satisfaction based on results from the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire. Statistical analysis indicated that the two samples differed on many dimensions. The results provided only limited support for the concept of leadership substitutes as suggested by previous research. (RC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).