ERIC Number: ED200870
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jan
The Inconsistency of Non-Discrimination With Merit Selection.
Miller, Edward M.
Those responsible for selection for employment or schooling should use unbiased procedures which predict individual performance, evaluate individuals, and identify the highest ranked individuals. The problem of personnel selection can be viewed as a problem in decision theory in which group membership (race, age, religion) provides a certain amount of prior information, and additional information is supplied by testing and other evaluation procedures. The use of Bayes theorem demonstrates that the posterior or final estimate depends on the characteristics of the group from which the sample is drawn. Self selection frequently causes applicants from different groups to differ in important ways. In particular, different groups have different incentives to accumulate human capital and to offer themselves for training. Group membership is especially important in evaluating characteristics that are not easily testable, such as honesty, or in estimating the probability of infrequently observed events. (Author/KMF)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A