ERIC Number: ED200864
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Oct-24
Effects of Marital Communication Upon Marital Problems.
Banwart, Albert L.
Although research suggests that marital communication is causally related to marital satisfaction, the processes by which marital communication style affects marital relationships have not been identified. These communication styles (conventional, speculative, controlling, contactful) are based on the degrees of self-disclosure and openness to the other person. A secondary analysis of data gathered from structured interviews and audiotaped discussions between 171 couples was conducted to investigate the influence of communication on marital problems. Consistent relationships appeared between marital communication and marital problems; various types of verbal communication were related to the number and severity of marital problems and the likelihood that spouses would identify the same problems in their marriage. Controlling speech tended to dominate by increasing the number, severity, and ratio of jointly identified problems. Speculative speech was the second most influential style, acting to reduce the number and severity of marital problems and increase the proportion of jointly identified problems. The conventional style was not related to conventional characteristic problems, but a high level of controlling style was more associated with higher marital problems than any other communication style. Little support was found for marital communication style characteristics causing marital problems with similar characteristics. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Public Health Service (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Family Relations (Portland, OR, October 22-25, 1980). Best copy available.