ERIC Number: ED200859
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
A Multiple Measure Approach to the Relationship Between Work and Retirement Attitudes.
Grubbs, Michael Gene; Powers, Edward A.
The research on work and retirement attitudes is discrepant; some studies report a positive relationship between work attitudes and retirement attitudes, while other investigations find a negative or no relationship. Anticipated work changes and work and retirement attitudes were examined to determine patterns of withdrawal from occupational roles by older workers. Initial interviews with 1,870 men employed as farmers, blue collar workers, owner-merchants, self-employed professionals, and salaried professionals were conducted in 1964. In 1974, 1,839 subjects were interviewed again, and six measures of work attitudes and seven measures of retirement attitudes were determined. Only very weak intra-concept correlations for the work measures were found, suggesting that the instruments may not measure the same aspects of work, or that work attitudes may be too diverse to be adequately evaluated by these instruments. Reasonably good intra-measure correlations occurred for the retirement scales. With the exception of the annuity item, work and retirement attitudes were not highly related for the sample. (Although study data are not recent, this topic is of great interest to current researchers.) (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society (33rd, San Diego, CA, November 21-25, 1980).