ERIC Number: ED200852
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Nov
The Impact of Widowhood on the Social Relations of Older Persons: A Longitudinal Analysis.
Ferraro, Kenneth F.; Barresi, Charles M.
Information concerning social relations after widowhood has frequently been analyzed without explicit knowledge of such conditions before widowhood. Longitudinal data from a national survey of low-income aged (N=4494) was analyzed to assess the social impact of widowhood on older persons. Widows interviewed in 1973 and again in 1974 were classified into three categories according to the length of their widowhood and compared to married persons on measures of family, friend, and neighbor interaction. Findings indicated that the recently widowed, while manifesting stability in family and friend relations, exhibited more interaction with neighbors than married persons. Respondents widowed more than four years manifested lower levels of family interaction, suggesting that the maintenance of family relations in later life is more difficult for those widowed early in life. An examination of the effects of sex and race on social interactions among the elderly revealed higher social participation among males than females, and greater neighboring activity among non-whites than whites. Non-whites also scored higher than whites on measures of friend and realtive interaction. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society (33rd, San Diego, CA, November 21-25, 1980).