ERIC Number: ED200836
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Theories of Coping: Retrospect and Contemporary Trends.
Peck, Robert F.
Psychologists have long been interested in the causes of student success or failure in college. In the late 1950's, investigators began to examine behaviors beyond the cognitive realm as crucial elements in the student's adaptation to college life. Research on adolescents' transition from high school to college identified several components of coping. Other research concentrated on internal processes, exploring the personality dynamics of students with varying levels of mental health. Gradually, increased attention was given to situation-specific coping; behavior-analytic approaches and approaches defining the developmental tasks of college-age students were used in research. The 1970's saw further testing of the theories originated in the 1960's. The study of college students' coping with stress has focused on emotional stress, as indicated by depression or suicidal thoughts, and specific stressful situations, such as test anxiety. Other researchers have explored college students' reactions to different situations. Coping, once conceptualized as a trait, is now conceptualized as a process; cognitive and behavioral steps, the elements of effective coping, have been identified. Future research must incorporate these research findings into a larger framework that leads to a greater understanding of coping. (NRB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).