ERIC Number: ED200758
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Adult Problem Solving and Learning.
Peters, John M.; And Others
A study investigated the relationship of learning to problems that occur in the lives of adults. Of special interest were the dynamics of learning in natural/nonformal settings and the role of literacy in learning. Examination of research in reasoning and problem solving revealed two trends: increasing realization that much of what people do is determined by peculiarities and particularities of situations or context in which they find themselves, and what is important in understanding how people think and learn is not the process but the content or knowledge. Three problems were identified to aid in finding out how problem-solving and learning contribute to an adult's ability to cope with his environment. They were identification of some adults, selection of situations representative of these adults' normal task domains, and analysis and representation of adults' interaction with these situations. An interpretive framework for the research was indicated which involved interviews semi-structured, open-ended, and probing in nature. A second year of the project has been planned to involve data analysis, development of simulated problem solving scenarios, interviews with a new sample, and follow-up. Data analysis would be based on a "reduction"--a type of textual analysis accomplished in four stages: atomizing, categorizing, thematizing, and schematizing. (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Conference (Los Angeles, CA, April 14, 1981).