ERIC Number: ED200685
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Intergovernmental Relations and Ethnicity.
Kuropas, Myron B.
Three conceptual ideologies--Anglo conformity, the melting pot, and cultural pluralism--have competed in American thinking to explain the absorption of immigrants into American society. Federal policy has reflected public opinion, as exemplified by the immigrant exclusion acts of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, tolerance of ethnic and cultural discrimination through the 1950s, and by a 1960s public policy shift toward programs designed to assimilate ethnic groups through greater economic and educational opportunities, improved housing, and better social services. At the same time, a new pluralist ideology was being formed, dedicated to the maintenance of cultural diversity. The 1970s, however, never lived up to pluralist expectations and ethnic discrimination is perpetuated to this day by bureaucratic indifference. A model for pluralistic decision making in the Federal government, developed by the Office of Public Liaison in 1976, has begun to address issues important to America's ethnic groups. One such issue included designing the 1980 Census in such a way as to demonstrate the true extent of cultural pluralism today. The acceptance of a pluralist ideal may mean a reevaluation of: (1) the use of the term "minority"; (2) government recruitment policies and decision making models; (3) decentralization of the Federal bureaucracy; and (4) public policy development regarding the family, the neighborhood, and the church. (Author/GC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.
Note: Not available separately; see UD 021 324. Paper presented at a consulatation sponsored by the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (Chicago, IL, December 3, 1979).