ERIC Number: ED200512
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Developing Social Responsibility in the Middle School: A Unit Teaching Approach. Reference and Resource Series.
Heath, Phillip A.; Weible, Thomas D.
This publication presents a planning model for and provides examples of a unit teaching approach for helping middle school students develop social responsibility. The authors believe that if the middle school is to be effective in providing sound educational experiences designed to contribute to the development of the total individual, instruction must be based upon the needs of the students at this early adolescent stage of development. Unit instruction is a most effective basis for planning and directing learning and for fulfilling the purposes of the middle school. To help teachers develop a unit teaching approach, a three-step planning model is presented. First, the needs and interests of students, strengths of faculty, and interrelationships of topics or issues within all content areas should be explored. Team support by the entire instructional staff is required. Brainstorming discussion sessions among faculty members and between faculty and students should be held. Second, a resource unit, defined simply as a collection of hardware and software on a particular topic or concept, should be constructed. Through this process, all appropriate objectives, materials, avenues of instruction, applications of learning, and sources of information for students and teachers are explored and compiled. An example of a fifth grade "Resource Unit for Community Planning" is provided. The third phase in planning is the development of an instructional unit. A common conceptual theme must be selected that draws support from the knowledge and areas of expertise of each teacher involved and addresses issues relevant to students. Concepts, appropriate materials, and such activities as social action projects are then selected from the resource unit that supports the goals and objectives. An excerpt from a six-week unit on China and Japan is provided as an example. The publication concludes with a discussion to help teachers implement and evaluate a unit of instruction. (Author/RM)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Decision Making Skills, Elementary Education, Intermediate Grades, Middle Schools, Models, Problem Solving, Relevance (Education), Social Responsibility, Social Studies, Socialization, Units of Study
National Education Association, Distribution Center, Academic Building, Sawmill Road, Westhaven, CT 06516 ($4.95, stock no. 1516-9-00).
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Education Association, Washington, DC. Committee on Professional Ethics.