ERIC Number: ED200485
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Oct
Science Fiction as Social Movement: Ideology and Resource Mobilization in Cultural Production and Reproduction.
Martin, William C.
The paper examines science fiction literature as a product and part of the social consciousness of the modern capitalist world order. This world order is seen as emphasizing science, technology, movement, growth, urbanization, industrialization, complex organization, and progress. The document is organized into two sections. The first section reviews theories of the sociology of knowledge and discusses knowledge as a process of self-production and reproduction of society. Influential theorists include Hegel, Marx, Lukacs, Mannheim, Gramsci, Habermas, and Touraine. Touraine's (1977) dynamic conflict-based systematic theory of society is based on three concepts: historicity, which defines the instruments of society's self-production; the system of historical action which is the totality of social and cultural orientations, by means of which historicity exercises its control of historicity and the system of historical action. The second section discusses science fiction as a process of societal and cultural production. It arose out of the demystification of nature through science and generated a secular mythology which legitimized, sustained, and helped create and expand the emerging society. Science fiction represents the literary-ideological analysis of the interface between man and machines, the exploration of the impact of science upon the individual and society, and the promotion of the view of the progressive character of that impact. Finally, since the 1920s science fiction has had the character of a social movement with magazines, fan organizations, and local, national, and international conventions. (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the Popular Culture Association of the South (Winston-Salem, NC, October 16-18, 1980).