ERIC Number: ED200123
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Oct
Employment Attributes of Recent Science and Engineering Graduates. Special Report.
Scopino, John A.
Information on the 1979 employment activities of 1977 graduates with bachelor's and master's degrees in science and engineering (S/E) fields is presented. Trends in cohort size are analyzed to provide a historical perspective for the survey findings. Factors causing employment levels to be lower than the cohort size as S/E graduates made the transition from school to work are summarized, and the employment patterns of S/E graduates who are employed in S/E jobs and the implications of these patterns are examined. Among the findings are the following: employment in S/E jobs was obtained by about one-half of the bachelor's degree-holders and about three-fourths of the master's degree-holders; employment in part-time and non-S/E jobs occurs among only about one-sixth of the degree-holders in the labor force; while about 9 out of 10 of the engineering and computer science graduates were working in S/E jobs, only about 1 in 5 of the social science degree-holders were so employed; employment opportunities for recent S/E graduates have shifted toward jobs in industry and with the federal government; in general, the S/E utilization rates for men were higher than those for women at both the bachelor's and master's level; most of the differences in utilization rates can be attributed to concentrations of men or women in particular fields (men predominate in engineering and women in the social sciences); R&D activities continue to be the primary work of about one-third of scientists and engineers with recently acquired bachelor's and master's degrees. Salary information is also analyzed. (SW)
Descriptors: Bachelors Degrees, College Graduates, Computer Science, Education Work Relationship, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Engineering, Engineers, Females, Graduate Surveys, Higher Education, Labor Market, Males, Masters Degrees, Occupational Surveys, Salaries, Sciences, Scientists, Sex Differences, Social Sciences, Vocational Followup
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Note: Statistical tables may not reproduce well.