ERIC Number: ED200076
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Sep-30
Reference Count: N/A
Centres of Excellence in British Universities.
Jones, Vernon A.
Historical information concerning Centres of Excellence in British Universities and the concept of excellence in relation to the roles and functions of the universities, the elements of excellence, and equality are considered. The term "centre of excellence" may be applied to an institution or department that has successfully specialized in teaching a range of related subjects or has become preeminent in the study of a single subject. Centres of Excellence are traced from the ancient Greeks and Romans to the present British universities. The concepts of excellence and equality are pursued in relation to universities and elite, mass, and universal higher education. A number of views are analyzed to help determine what factors or elements should be included in the meaning of excellence. Excellence in teaching, research, and students is addressed with attention to keeping research and teaching together in universities. Excellence in the various aspects of teaching and basic and applied research is examined. The measurement of excellence in teaching, research, and programs is analyzed in relation to the present environment of scarce resources for higher education. Program evaluation, teacher education, the measurement of research output, and the measurement of department excellence are also covered. The roles of government, the University Grants Committee, and management in resource allocation are examined in relation to excellence in the functions of universities, and the dilemmas facing university administrators for the next decade are noted. A bibliography and information on the interviewing undertaken as part of the analysis of Centres of Excellence are appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, College Administration, College Role, Departments, Educational History, Educational Objectives, Educational Quality, Evaluation Criteria, Faculty Evaluation, Foreign Countries, Governance, Higher Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Recognition (Achievement), Research Projects, Scholarship, Teacher Effectiveness
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses; Information Analyses; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Great Britain)