ERIC Number: ED200060
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Preventing Global Discourse Errors: Problems and Approaches to ESOL Writing.
Johns, Ann M.
The teaching of discourse features which affect the relations among sentences in a paragraph has often been delayed until students are considered advanced. Yet, because control of such features is considered essential to gaining control of language segments, instruction in these features should be given from the beginning. One category of discourse features, cohesion, is considered and five cohesive elements are identified. Examples of errors found in a corpus of 356 paragraphs written by college-level speakers of other languages are discussed in terms of reference, substitution, ellipsis, conjunction, and lexical cohesion. Two steps are considered which teachers of students at all proficiency levels can take to insure better understanding of cohesion. First, models of discourse can be used to study connective ties, and student compositions can be corrected only for cohesion errors. Secondly, students might be provided with an example of discourse to be read and examined in terms of several cohesion-related questions. A number of such questions are suggested. Finally, it is suggested that English as a Second Language texts might be used to emphasize discourse rather than concentrating on the sentence. (AMH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Association of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages.
Note: In its CATESOL Occasional Papers, Number 6, p65-70, Fall 1980.