ERIC Number: ED199936
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Feb-2
The "Basics" Relative to School Climate.
Wallich, Lynn R.
School climate is defined as the norms, beliefs, and attitudes reflected in institutional patterns and practices that enhance or impede student achievement. Research findings support the notion that school learning climate is an important factor in determining academic outcomes. School climate is largely dependent on the leadership of the principal. The productivity and satisfaction of students is promoted by a healthy school climate. The basic needs of students should be addressed in the development of a good working climate. They include, physiological needs, safety, acceptance, recognition, and self-actualization. School climate determinants can be divided into the three major areas of program, process, and materials. How these determinants are developed and implemented make up the key area of focus in determining what actually exists within a school. Basic steps for administrators in their efforts to develop a better school climate include review what is taking place, make changes where necessary, assess communications and receive feedback, examine motivation techniques, examine how problems are identified, examine how goals are set, compare climates, involve staff in decision making, look at climate factors, and examine the organizational structure of the school. (JEH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stoughton Area School District. Wisconsin.