ERIC Number: ED199813
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Primary Schooling and Economic Development: A Review of the Evidence. World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 399.
By reviewing pertinent studies and data, this paper seeks to define the economic benefits of primary schooling within a worldwide context. The author concludes that investment in primary schooling results in more productivity at work and in the home. The returns from primary schooling in most developing countries are higher than from other forms of educational investment. Benefits of primary schooling include increased incomes for the poor, reduced fertility rates, increased farmer productivity, improved health and nutrition, and significant positive behavioral and attitudinal changes. The pressing needs in the Third World, for teacher-training facilities, books and equipment, curricular innovation, and the money to pay teacher's salaries, could be supplied by donor countries and agencies. Meanwhile, the author recommends further research on the impact of primary schooling on worker productivity outside the formal sector and on health and an analysis of qualitative change in schooling and its influence on school outcomes. (Author/WD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.