ERIC Number: ED199697
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Nov
The Influence of Spelling on Speech Perception.
Jakimik, Jola; And Others
Several experiments were conducted to show that knowledge of the spelling of words is involved in making decisions about how they are pronounced. The experiments used a lexical decision task with only spoken words and nonwords. Subjects in each experiment heard an uninterrupted list of spoken words and nonwords at a rate of about one item every two seconds and made a decision about every item. The major manipulations in the experiments were the phonemic and orthographic relationship between the target item, for which reaction time was measured, and the preceding item on the list. Three kinds of relationships were examined: (1) no relation between the target word and the preceding item, (2) target item related by sound to the item preceding it, and (3) target item related by sound and spelling to the item preceding it. The results indicated that orthographic overlap from the beginning of a word produced facilitation of decisions about spoken words, whereas comparable phonemic overlap did not. In addition, the spelling knowledge responsible for the facilitation came from recognizing an actual word. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society (21st, St. Louis, MO, November 13-15, 1980).