ERIC Number: ED199629
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
The Response of the Schools to Teenage Pregnancy and Parenthood.
Zellman, Gail L.
Local education agency responses to student pregnancy and parenthood are constrained by narrow definitions of the problem, opposition to sex education, contraception, and abortion, disagreement about the appropriate school role, lack of expertise, and lack of incentives to develop programs. Nationwide field studies were conducted to assess 12 local school programs for pregnant and parenting students in terms of federal, state, and local constraints, program design, school responses to student pregnancy, and the impact of these factors on students' decisions about school continuation. Results indicated that: (1) schools do not seek or want an active role in student pregnancy or parenthood; (2) special program initiation is generally dependent on the dedication of a single individual; (3) quality is uneven within and across programs; (4) each special program model, whether included in, supplementary to, or extracurricular to the school curriculum, is unable to meet all the diverse needs of pregnant students and teenage mothers; (5) pregnant students make most decisions about pregnancy and school continuation without school staff input; and (6) few programs conduct outcome evaluations to assess their effectiveness or to examine the longer-term impact of adolescent parenthood. (Author/HLM)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Adolescents, Pregnant Students, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, School Effectiveness, School Responsibility, School Role, Secondary Education, Social Problems, Student School Relationship, Unwed Mothers
Rand Corporation, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90406 ($7.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.