ERIC Number: ED199450
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jun
Vocational Education and the Work Establishment of Youth: Equity and Effectiveness Issues. A Rand Note.
Berryman, Sue E.
A study examined data from literature and from three surveys of high school students to analyze the equity of the way in which high schools assign students to the vocational track and the effectiveness of vocational education in preparing students for work. Data revealed that while students' junior high abilities, achievement, and curricular preferences explain a substantial amount of track placement, they do not explain it all. While over half of the variance in track placement remains unexplained, it is clear that status characteristics do not heavily affect track placement. Vocational programs seem to promote continued school attendance among students properly assigned to it. Data suggests that vocational programs might feasibly affect graduates' work establishment by integrating particular subgroups into the high school, thus increasing the chance that they will graduate; by developing academic and general human capital skills; by promoting good work habits; and by operating as an information and reference system for employers. The work establishment benefits of vocational education for high school dropouts is unclear, and data show no positive employment effects of vocational education for blacks. Vocational education may help females by training them in nontraditional occupations. (MN)
Descriptors: Blacks, Dropouts, Education Work Relationship, Educational Benefits, Educational Research, Equal Education, Females, High School Students, Literature Reviews, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Program Effectiveness, Relevance (Education), Secondary Education, Student Placement, Surveys, Synthesis, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Aspen Systems Corp., Germantown, MD.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Note: This is a revision of a paper presented at the Aspen Workshop on Vocational Education Policies (Aspen, CO, August 19-24, 1979).