ERIC Number: ED199358
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: N/A
Longitudinal Assessment of the Intelligence of Black Infants, Ages 22 to 41 Months. Revised.
Slaughter, Diana T.
A study was conducted using a longitudinal, multivariate, multimethod approach to determine the effects of parent education programs on black mothers and children from lower socioeconomic status backgrounds. Black infants from lower status communities, ages 22-41 months, were evaluated during the early intervention study. Instruments used included the Peabody, Cattell, and McCarthy psychometric intelligence tests. Over time, all groups declined significantly in average IQ score, but program groups, by comparison to the control group, did much less so on the Cattell-McCarthy sequence. At the third and final testing, Peabody and McCarthy mean IQ scores differed an average of 25 points across the three groups. Program children, generally, were superior to controls on the McCarthy measure of expressive language. The findings suggest the effectiveness of some types of intervention programs, and also suggest the different socialization processes to which black and white children are exposed. (Author/APM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: McCarthy Scales of Childrens Abilities; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test