ERIC Number: ED199334
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jul
The Status of Desegregation and Black-White Participation in Higher Education.
Thomas, Gail E.; And Others
This study employed Office of Civil Rights enrollment data on higher education institutions to examine the relationship between segregation and the participation of blacks and whites in colleges and universities. Institutional comparisons showed that segregation was greatest in two and four year colleges where blacks had achieved the greatest enrollment gains. In graduate and professional schools where blacks were least represented, racial segregation was substantially lower. Regional comparisons indicated that segregation was highest in Southern four year colleges and graduate and professional schools. Among two year colleges, segregation was greatest in the West and Midwest. A closer examination of segregation in the South showed that when traditionally black Southern schools were not considered, segregation in the South was substantially reduced. The deletion of these institutions from the statistics, however, resulted in a drastic reduction in black enrollment figures. This finding illustrates the importance of black institutions for black student enrollment and shows the negative consequences of considering the goals of higher educational desegregation without taking minority enrollment into consideration. The policy and research implications of the study are discussed. (Author/MK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for Social Organization of Schools.